A healthy heart rate is the number of times your heart beats per minute. The average heart rate is 60-100 beats per minute.
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Your heart rate, or pulse, is the number of times your heart beats per minute. A normal heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute. A heart rate that’s too fast, called tachycardia, may be a sign of a potentially serious condition. On the other hand, a slow heartbeat (bradycardia) may not be as worrisome.
There are many things that can affect your heart rate, including exercise, anxiety and fear, temperature, and some medications. In most cases, an abnormal heart rate is simply a sign that your body is responding to its environment or an underlying condition.
What is a healthy heart rate?
Your heart rate, or pulse, is the number of times your heart beats per minute. Normal heart rate varies from person to person. Generally, a lower heart rate means a more efficient heart. For most adults, a healthy heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute.
Factors that affect heart rate
Heart rate is the number of times your heart contracts in one minute. It’s normal for your heart rate to rise and fall throughout the day, depending on your level of activity. There are a few things that can affect your heart rate, including physical activity, emotional stress, medications, and underlying health conditions.
How does age affect heart rate?
As you age, your heart rate usually slows down. For example, a 20-year-old person’s heart beats an average of 72 times per minute while a 40-year-old person’s heart beats an average of 62 times per minute.
The slowing of your heart rate is due to changes in the nervous system that control the heart. These changes are normal and usually not a cause for concern.
However, if you experience a sudden or significant change in your heart rate, it could be a sign of a more serious condition and you should see a doctor.
Your heart rate changes based on how active you are. The fitter you are, the lower your resting heart rate is likely to be. For example, athletes may have a resting heart rate of 40 beats per minute, while the average for non-athletes is 60 to 80 beats per minute.
Your heart rate also increases when you exercise. The amount it goes up depends on how hard you work out. For moderate exercise, your heart rate will be around 50 to 70% higher than your resting heart rate. For vigorous exercise, it will be 70 to 85% higher.
There are other things that can impact your heart rate as well, including:
– Temperature: In cold weather, your blood vessels constrict to keep heat in and this can cause an increase in heart rate. In hot weather, blood vessels dilate to help cool the body down and this can lead to a lower heart rate.
– Age: As we get older, our hearts tend to beat more slowly because the muscle gets weaker with age. A normal heart rate for a fit young adult could be as high as 90 beats per minute but for someone over 65 years old, it’s more likely to be around 70 beats per minute.
– Emotions: Stress, anxiety and excitement can all lead to an increase in heart rate.
There are many different types of medications that can affect heart rate. Some medications may cause the heart to beat faster, while others may cause the heart to beat slower. Medications that can affect heart rate include:
-Beta blockers: These medications are often used to treat high blood pressure and heart conditions such as angina and arrhythmias. Beta blockers work by blocking the effects of the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline, which can make the heart beat faster.
-Calcium channel blockers: These medications are often used to treat high blood pressure, angina, and arrhythmias. Calcium channel blockers work by relaxing the smooth muscle in your arteries and veins, which can help to lower blood pressure and reduce the workload on your heart.
-Digitalis: This medication is often used to treat congestive heart failure and certain types of arrhythmias. Digitalis works by increasing the force of contraction of your heart muscle, which can help to pump more blood through your body.
-Diuretics: These medications are often used to treat high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. Diuretics work by helping your body get rid of excess sodium and water, which can help to reduce blood volume and improve blood flow.
How to measure heart rate
To measure your heart rate, you can use your fingers to feel your pulse on the inside of your wrist, on the side of your neck, or on the inside of your elbow. You can also use a heart rate monitor.
Resting heart rate
Your resting heart rate is the number of times your heart beats per minute when you are at rest. You can measure your resting heart rate by taking your pulse. To do this, place your index and middle fingers on your neck to the side of your windpipe. Or place your index and middle fingers on the inside of your wrist, just below your thumb.
Once you find your pulse, count the number of beats in 60 seconds. This is your resting heart rate. A normal resting heart rate is 60 to 100 beats a minute. If your resting heart rate is above 100, it’s called tachycardia. If it’s below 60, it’s called bradycardia.
Maximum heart rate
To calculate your maximum heart rate, simply subtract your age from 220. For example, if you’re 40 years old, your maximum heart rate would be 220 – 40, or 180 beats per minute. This number is useful because it can help you determine what heart rate you should aim for during exercise.
When to see a doctor
Your heart rate, or pulse, is the number of times your heart beats per minute. A normal heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute. If you’re exercising or under stress, your heart rate will increase. An unhealthy heart rate can be a sign of heart disease. See a doctor if you have a heart rate that is consistently above 100 beats per minute or if you have a heart rate that is below 60 beats per minute.
Symptoms of an unhealthy heart rate
When to see a doctor
If you experience any of the following symptoms, please see your doctor as soon as possible:
-shortness of breath
-chest pain or discomfort
-dizziness or lightheadedness
-nausea or vomiting
-palpitations (irregular heartbeats)
Risks of an unhealthy heart rate
An unhealthy heart rate can be a sign of an underlying cardiovascular condition and can increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, and other heart-related problems. If you have an unhealthy heart rate, you should see a doctor so they can check for underlying health conditions and determine the best course of treatment.